Our body has its own cannabinoid system, called the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The main function of this system is to maintain or restore balance (homeostasis) in the body.
The components of this ECS are distributed throughout the organism. In addition to receptors and enzymes, the ECS also includes endogenous ligands called endocannabinoids. This is where cannabis comes in, because plant components, such as phytocannabinoids (for example, the well known THC), can also get into action with this system. These plant cannabinoids can help compensate for possible defects in the system and support important processes.
The endocannabinoid system is involved in several areas in the body:
- Immune system
- Pain and inflammation
- Learning and memory
- Stress and emotions
- Appetite and eating behavior
- Reproduction and embryonic development
- Bones and musculature
- Blood pressure and cardiovascular system
- Body temperature
This influence on many different parts of the body explains the numerous applications for medical cannabis.