Menstrual Pain and Medical Cannabis
The menstrual cycle causes discomfort to women during their period for several days a month. Also known as dysmenorrhea, it manifests itself through colic in the lower abdomen, lower back pain, and can cause diarrhoea and/or headaches.
The pain and duration of this can vary from women to woman. In addition, factors such as age or having given birth can be determinants. There are two types of menstrual pain: primary and secondary. In the case of primary the most common, pain tends to decline as years go by. Secondary pain may be a symptom of other diseases such as endometriosis, it can appear later and may not correspondent to the duration of menstruation.
Cannabinoids and menstrual pain
- Reduces muscle spasms
The effect of cannabinoids are notorious for decreasing muscle spasms and cramps. The results of the studies suggest that cannabinoids may offer some benefit as a natural analgesic and anti-inflammatory treatment, allowing for less discomfort during menstruation.
How cannabinoids interact with menstrual pain
The use of cannabinoids to treat menstrual pains is not a new phenomenon . There is evidence to suggest that it was used in older civilizations such as the Mesopotamian’s and Egyptian’s. Its use lasted even until the nineteenth century with the commercialisation of a drug known as “Dysmenine”.
Thanks to studies  and trials  the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of cannabinoids have been discovered and highlighted. The findings of these investigations allow to affirm that cannabis helps to reduce the reactivity to menstrual pain, inhibit the painful transmission and modify the perceptions of pain. Other investigators  also suggest that the manipulation of endocannabinoids and/or the use of exogenous cannabinoids in vivo may constitute a successful treatment against inflammatory disorders.
Currently, there are several products made from cannabis that help relieve discomfort during menstruation, allowing women to take advantage of the therapeutic properties of cannabinoids.
 Russo, E. (2002). Cannabis treatments in obstetrics and gynecology: A historical review. Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics, 2(3-4), 5-35.
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